Skin cancer nowadays is a common medical problem which is a locally destructive type of cancerous growth on skin. Originating from cells which line along the top membrane which separates the deeper layers from the superficial exposed layers of skin. However, the good news is that a large majority of skin cancers have limited potential to spread or metastasize to other parts of the body or to become life-threatening for the patient.
Most Common Types of Skin Cancers
The three main types of skin cancers found in people include Basal Cell Carcinoma which is the most common; squamous cell carcinoma which comes next and originates in skin cells and melanoma originating within the pigment-producing skin cells. Melanoma of these three is less common but more dangerous than the other two varieties of skin cancer.
Risk Factors for Skin Cancers
Some of the most common risk factors for skin cancer includes exposure to ultraviolet light which results from tanning beds or from exposure to sun. Fair skinned people with blue or hazel eyes and people having red or blond hair are particularly susceptible to skin cancer. Moreover, the risk gets worse for people living in higher elevation or near equator due to intense exposure to sunlight. Underlying diseases like cancer or HIV/AIDS or chemotherapy drugs causing chronic immunosuppression also increase risk of a person developing skin cancer. Other risk factors for developing skin cancers include exposure to x-rays (ionizing radiation), certain chemicals, sexually-acquired wart virus infections and for people developing a second chance of skin cancer within the next two years after undergoing treatment for skin cancer. Moreover, elderly people have additional risk of developing skin cancers. Nevertheless, skin cancer screening can be a good solution for high-risk people for diagnosing the disease in early stage.
Signs and Symptoms of Skin Cancers
Though skin cancer screening is a good idea for high risk people, anyone who is concerned about a spot on the body should get it checked. Spots which are new, unusual and fail to go away may be due to skin cancer.
- Spots or Sores – Although these are common, you should look out for the ones which fail to heal within 4 weeks of time. Spots or sores which bleed, are crusty, itchy and scab over for more than a month need to be evaluated. Color of skin cancer spots could be dark or red, but this is not always true.
- Ulcers – These ulcers are areas of skin which have broken down and fail to heal within 4 weeks of time. One should pay attention to such ulcers especially when there is no reason for them to behave the way they are doing.
- Lumps – Skin cancer lumps can be small, shiny, pink or red and slow to grow.
- Red Patches on Skin – Red patches on skin which can be cancerous can also feel itchy. Although they can itch due to other medical conditions as well, it would be best to get them checked.
Skin Cancer Screening for High-Risk People
Non-melanoma skin cancers are most often found to develop on skin which is exposed to the sun. It would be sensible of high-risk patients to undergo skin cancer screening in order to spot the disease in early stage. Such patients should periodically check their back and other areas of skin which they do not normally get to see easily. A trusted friend or partner can be very helpful for doing this. This is all the more important for people who are regularly out in the sun for leisure or work.
Undergo Skin Cancer Treatment in India
Skin cancer treatment in India is an excellent opportunity for people who are concerned about costs and are willing to travel to other countries for good quality of medical treatments at reasonable costs. Hospitals in India provide a wide-spectrum of skin cancer treatment options to patients at affordable costs and with outcomes that are at par with the best in the world. In fact overseas skin cancer patients can tour India, undergo treatment and still be able to save substantial amounts of their money by undergoing the best skin cancer treatment in India.